Friday, November 22, 2013
1. Map Skills (you should be able to label the following countries and geographic features on a blank map.
Sahara (Physical Map & Climate Map) Tropical Rain Forest (Climate Map)
Sahel (Climate Map) Savanna (Climate Map)
Congo River (Physical Map) Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) (Political Map)
Niger River (Physical Map) Egypt (Political Map)
Nile River (Physical Map) Kenya (Political Map)
Lake Tanganyika (Physical Map) Nigeria (Political Map)
Lake Victoria (Physical Map) South Africa (Political Map)
Atlas Mountains (Physical Map) Kalahari Desert (Physical Map)
Sudan (Political Map) South Sudan (Political Map)
2. Define the following key terms (flashcards are a good idea!):
- Desertification – fertile land turning into desert
- Deforestation – mass removal of forests
- Drought – lack of water
- Malaria – deadly disease carried by mosquitoes
- Irrigation – process of providing water to crops through pipes, ditches, or streams
- Culture – a society’s way of life, including language, clothing, food, beliefs, etc…
3. Geography and Climate of Africa: Respond to the following questions in a descriptive and meaningful way.
What are the names of the three major rivers in Africa? Which one is the world’s longest river and which direction does this river flow (north, south, west or east)? Nile, Congo, Niger, the Nile is the longest and it flows north
Describe the 4 climate zones:
Sahara – World’s largest sand desert, very hot and dry
Sahel – Area south of the Sahara, some shrubs, but is a growing desert
Savanna – grasslands with few trees
Tropical Rain Forest – lush forests
4. Environmental Issues of Africa
What is the name of the climate zone where desertification takes place?
What are the main causes of desertification in Africa?
1.) Poor farming practices
Why are African families cutting down trees?
They need more farmland
How is poor soil related to deforestation in sub-Saharan Africa?
Many times, deforestation leads to desertification
What are the two main water issues in Africa?
Water pollution and water shortage
5. Cultures of Africa
What is the difference between an ethnic group and a religious group?
You should know J
What is the prominent religion/beliefs in each of the following cultures:
Bantu: Beliefs they had before Islam and Christianity were introduced
Ashanti: Supernatural and spiritual powers
Tuesday, November 19, 2013
Wednesday, November 6, 2013
- After you check your map, put it in your notes
- Get a sheppardsoftware handout from the front
- Follow the directions on the handout (list 2 facts for each feature)
- When you finish, you may play Africa games on sheppardsoftware.com :)
Thursday, October 31, 2013
Tuesday, October 29, 2013
Unit 5 Study Guide
1. The three basic types of economic systems are:
Traditional, command, market
2. In a command economy, how are economic decisions made?
3. How are economic decisions made in a traditional economy?
Custom and habit
4. In a market economy how are economic decisions made?
Consumers and the market
5. A product is brought into a country through trade or sale
6. Why are most modern economies referred to as mixed?
Most countries have aspects of all three economic types at work in their economy
7. Why do most economies in the world today operate somewhere in between a market economy and a command economy?
Most economies have found they need a mix of free market and some government control to be successful and protect consumers
8. How does specialization benefit a society?
Better quality products, workers do what they are good at, and increased trade
9. Government policies that slow down or prevent one country from exchanging goods with another
10. What is a tariff?
A tax placed on goods coming into one country from another
11. Currency is also known as
12. Natural resources are
Raw materials used to make products
13. What is an embargo?
A halt to trade with a particular country
14. What is a quota
A limit on the amount of foreign goods allowed into a country
15. What generalization can be made about the relationship between national wealth and literacy?
Literacy is usually higher in wealthy countries
16. What is human capital?
Skills and education workers have
17. Why have the Israelis made a big investment in human capital?
They need well trained workers because their economy depends on advanced technology
18. If a country does not invest in its human capital, how can it affect the country’s gross domestic product?
GDP may go down because poorly trained workers will not be able to do their jobs as well
19. What are capital goods?
The factories and machines used to make the goods
20. What is entrepreneurship?
Someone who is willing to take a risk to begin a new business
21. How has Israel’s lack of oil affected that country’s economy?
The Israeli economy depends on technology rather than natural resources such as oil
22. How do literacy rates in Southwest Asia differ for men and women?
In nearly all the countries, women have a lower literacy rate than men
23. Why was OPEC created?
To regulate the supply and price of oil
24. What happens to the price of oil when OPEC countries decide to limit production?
25. Where are most of the OPEC countries located?